One criminally-unknown new UNIX tool is diffoscope, a diff "on steroids" that will not only recursively unpack archives but will transform binary formats into human-readable forms in order to compare them instead of simply showing the raw difference in hexadecimal.
In an attempt to remedy its underuse, in December 2015 I created the try.diffoscope.org service so that I—and hopefully others—could use diffoscope without necessarily installing the multitude of third-party tools that using it can require. It also enables trivial sharing of the HTML reports in bugs or on IRC.
To make this even easier, I've now introduced a command-line client to the web service:$ apt-get install trydiffoscope [..] Setting up trydiffoscope (57) ... $ trydiffoscope /etc/hosts.allow /etc/hosts.deny --- a/hosts.allow +++ b/hosts.deny │ @@ -1,10 +1,17 @@ │ -# /etc/hosts.allow: list of hosts that are allowed to access the system. │ -# See the manual pages hosts_access(5) and hosts_options(5). │ +# /etc/hosts.deny: list of hosts that are _not_ allowed to access the system. │ +# See the manual pages hosts_access(5) and hosts_options(5).
You can also install it from PyPI with:$ pip install trydiffoscope
Mirroring the original diffoscope command, you can save the output locally in an even more-readable HTML report format by appending "--html output.html".
In addition, if you specify the --webbrowser (or -w) argument:$ trydiffoscope -w /etc/hosts.allow /etc/hosts.deny https://try.diffoscope.org/gaauupyapzkb
... this will automatically open your default browser to view the results.
Here is my monthly update covering a large part of what I have been doing in the free software world (previously):
This month I have been paid to work 14 hours on Debian Long Term Support (LTS). In that time I did the following:
In addition, I submitted 7 patches to fix typos in debian/rules against cme:, gnugk: `incorrect reference to dh_install_init, php-sql-formatter, python-django-crispy-forms, libhook-lexwrap-perl, mknbi & ruby-unf-ext.
I also submitted 6 patches to fix reproducible toolchain issues (ie. ensuring the output is reproducible rather than the package itself) against libextutils-parsexs-perl: `Please make the output reproducible, perl, naturaldocs, python-docutils, ruby-ronn & txt2tags.
Lastly, I submitted 65 patches to fix specific reproducibility issues in amanda, boolector, borgbackup, cc1111, cfingerd, check-all-the-things, cobbler, ctop, cvs2svn, eb, eurephia, ezstream, feh, fonts-noto, fspy, ftplib, fvwm, gearmand, gngb, golang-github-miekg-pkcs11, gpick, gretl, hibernate, hmmer, hocr, idjc, ifmail, ironic, irsim, lacheck, libmemcached-libmemcached-perl, libmongoc, libwebsockets, minidlna, mknbi, nbc, neat, nfstrace, nmh, ntopng, pagekite, pavuk, proftpd-dfsg, pxlib, pysal, python-kinterbasdb, python-mkdocs, sa-exim, speech-tools, stressapptest, tcpflow, tcpreen, ui-auto, uisp, uswsusp, vtun, vtwm, why3, wit, wordgrinder, xloadimage, xmlcopyeditor, xorp, xserver-xorg-video-openchrome & yersinia.
I also filed 68 RC bugs for packages that access the internet during build against betamax, curl, django-localflavor, django-polymorphic, dnspython, docker-registry, elasticsearch-curator, elib.intl, elib.intl, elib.intl, fabulous, flask-restful, flask-restful, flask-restful, foolscap, gnucash-docs, golang-github-azure-go-autorest, golang-github-fluent-fluent-logger-golang, golang-github-franela-goreq, golang-github-mesos-mesos-go, golang-github-shopify-sarama, golang-github-unknwon-com, golang-github-xeipuuv-gojsonschema, htsjdk, lemonldap-ng, libanyevent-http-perl, libcommons-codec-java, libfurl-perl, libgravatar-url-perl, libgravatar-url-perl, libgravatar-url-perl, libgravatar-url-perl, libgravatar-url-perl, libhttp-async-perl, libhttp-oai-perl, libhttp-proxy-perl, libpoe-component-client-http-perl, libuv, libuv1, licenseutils, licenseutils, licenseutils, musicbrainzngs, node-oauth, node-redis, nodejs, pycurl, pytest, python-aiohttp, python-asyncssh, python-future, python-guacamole, python-latexcodec, python-pysnmp4, python-qtawesome, python-simpy, python-social-auth, python-structlog, python-sunlight, python-webob, python-werkzeug, python-ws4py, testpath, traitlets, urlgrabber, varnish-modules, webtest & zurl.
Finally, I filed 100 FTBFS bugs against abind, backup-manager, boot, bzr-git, cfengine3, chron, cloud-sptheme, cookiecutter, date, django-uwsgi, djangorestframework, docker-swarm, ekg2, evil-el, fasianoptions, fassets, fastinfoset, fest-assert, fimport, ftrading, gdnsd, ghc-testsuite, golang-github-magiconair-properties, golang-github-mattn-go-shellwords, golang-github-mitchellh-go-homedir, gplots, gregmisc, highlight.js, influxdb, jersey1, jflex, jhdf, kimwitu, libapache-htpasswd-perl, libconfig-model-itself-perl, libhtml-tidy-perl, liblinux-prctl-perl, libmoox-options-perl, libmousex-getopt-perl, libparanamer-java, librevenge, libvirt-python, license-reconcile, louie, mako, mate-indicator-applet, maven-compiler-plugin, mgt, mgt, mgt, misc3d, mnormt, nbd, ngetty, node-xmpp, nomad, perforate, pyoperators, pyqi, python-activipy, python-bioblend, python-cement, python-gevent, python-pydot-ng, python-requests-toolbelt, python-ruffus, python-scrapy, r-cran-digest, r-cran-getopt, r-cran-lpsolve, r-cran-rms, r-cran-timedate, resteasy, ruby-berkshelf-api-client, ruby-fog-libvirt, ruby-grape-msgpack, ruby-jquery-rails, ruby-kramdown-rfc2629, ruby-moneta, ruby-parser, ruby-puppet-forge, ruby-rbvmomi, ruby-redis-actionpack, ruby-unindent, ruby-web-console, scalapack-doc, scannotation, snow, sorl-thumbnail, svgwrite, systemd-docker, tiles-request, torcs, utf8proc, vagrant-libvirt, voms-api-java, wcwidth, xdffileio, xmlgraphics-commons & yorick.FTP Team
As a Debian FTP assistant I ACCEPTed 114 packages: apertium-isl-eng, apertium-mk-bg, apertium-urd-hin, apprecommender, auto-apt-proxy, beast-mcmc, caffe, caffe-contrib, debian-edu, dh-make-perl, django-notification, dpkg-cross, elisp-slime-nav, evil-el, fig2dev, file, flightgear-phi, friendly-recovery, fwupd, gcc-5-cross, gdbm, gnustep-gui, golang-github-cznic-lldb, golang-github-dghubble-sling, golang-github-docker-leadership, golang-github-rogpeppe-fastuuid, golang-github-skarademir-naturalsort, golang-glide, gtk+2.0, gtranscribe, kdepim4, kitchen, lepton, libcgi-github-webhook-perl, libcypher-parser, libimporter-perl, liblist-someutils-perl, liblouis, liblouisutdml, libneo4j-client, libosinfo, libsys-cpuaffinity-perl, libtest2-suite-perl, linux, linux-grsec, lua-basexx, lua-compat53, lua-fifo, lua-http, lua-lpeg-patterns, lua-mmdb, lua-openssl, mash, mysql-5.7, node-quickselect, nsntrace, nvidia-graphics-drivers, nvidia-graphics-drivers-legacy-304xx, nvidia-graphics-drivers-legacy-340xx, openorienteering-mapper, oslo-sphinx, p4est, patator, petsc, php-mailparse, php-yaml, pykdtree, pypass, python-bioblend, python-cotyledon, python-jack-client, python-mido, python-openid-cla, python-os-api-ref, python-pydotplus, python-qtconsole, python-repoze.sphinx.autointerface, python-vispy, python-zenoss, r-cran-bbmle, r-cran-corpcor, r-cran-ellipse, r-cran-minpack.lm, r-cran-rglwidget, r-cran-rngtools, r-cran-scatterd3, r-cran-shinybs, r-cran-tibble, reproject, retext, ring, ruby-github-api, ruby-rails-assets-jquery-ui, ruby-swd, ruby-url-safe-base64, ruby-vmstat, ruby-webfinger, rustc, shadowsocks-libev, slepc, staticsite, steam, straight.plugin, svgwrite, tasksh, u-msgpack-python, ufo2otf, user-mode-linux, utf8proc, vizigrep, volk, wchartype, websockify & wireguard.
Every Python programmer knows to avoid mutable default arguments:def fn(mutable=): mutable.append('elem') print mutable fn() fn() $ python test.py ['elem'] ['elem', 'elem']
However, many are not clear that this is due to arguments being evaluated at import time, rather than the first time the function is evaluated.
This results in related quirks such as:def never_called(error=1/0): pass $ python test.py Traceback (most recent call last): File "test.py", line 1, in <module> ZeroDivisionError: integer division or modulo by zero
... and an—implementation-specific—quirk caused by naive constant folding:def never_called(): 99999999 ** 9999999 $ python test.py [hangs]
I suspect that this can be used as denial-of-service vector.
As Theresa May moves from the Home Office to Number 10, it is perhaps timely to reflect on public attitudes to surveillance as evidenced in Liberty’s campaign film “Show me yours” in April of this year. In the film (shown below), comedian Olivia Lee pursues members of the public with the intention of taking details from their mobile phones of all their recent communications or browsing activity. The reactions of the people approached speak for themselves. Unfortunately, Liberty research suggests that 75% of adults in the UK had never heard of the impending legislation laid out in the Investigatory Powers Bill.
For a long time I’ve wanted an ssh-agent setup that would ask me before every use, so I could slightly more comfortably forward authentication over SSH without worrying that my session might get hijacked somewhere at the remote end (I often find myself wanting to pull authenticated git repos on remote hosts). I’m at DebConf this week, which is an ideal time to dig further into these things, so I did so today. As is often the case it turns out this is already possible, if you know how.
I began with a setup that was using GNOME Keyring to manage my SSH keys. This isn’t quite what I want (eventually I want to get to the point that I can sometimes forward a GPG agent to remote hosts for signing purposes as well), so I set about setting up gpg-agent. I used Chris’ excellent guide to GnuPG/SSH Agent setup as a starting point and ended up doing the following:$ echo use-agent >> ~/.gnupg/options $ echo enable-ssh-support >> ~/.gnupg/gpg-agent.conf $ sudo sed -i.bak "s/^use-ssh-agent/# use-ssh-agent/" /etc/X11/Xsession.options $ sudo rm /etc/xdg/autostart/gnome-keyring-ssh.desktop
The first 2 commands setup my local agent, and told it to do SSH agent foo. The next stopped X from firing up ssh-agent, and the final one prevents GNOME Keyring from being configured to be the SSH agent, without having to remove libpam-gnome-keyring as Chris did. After the above I logged out of and into X again, and could see ~/.gnupg/S.gpg-agent.ssh getting created and env | grep SSH showing SSH_AUTH_SOCK pointing to it (if GNOME Keyring is still handling things it ends up pointing to something like /run/user/1000/keyring/ssh).
[Update: Luca Capello emailed to point out this was a bad approach; there’s thankfully no need to do the last 2 commands that require root. #767341 removed the need to edit Xsession.options and you can prevent GNOME Keyring starting on a per user basis with:(cat /etc/xdg/autostart/gnome-keyring-ssh.desktop ; echo 'X-GNOME-Autostart-enabled=false') > \ ~/.config/autostart/gnome-keyring-ssh.desktop
After this it turned out all I need to do was ssh-add -c <ssh keyfile>. The -c says “confirm use” and results in the confirm flag being appended to the end of ~/.gnupg/sshcontrol (so if you’ve already done the ssh-add you can go and add the confirm if that’s the behaviour you’d like).
Simple when you know how, but I’ve had conversations with several people in the past who wanted the same thing and hadn’t figured out how, so hopefully this is helpful to others.
Here is my monthly update covering a large part of what I have been doing in the free software world (previously):
This month I have been paid to work 18 hours on Debian Long Term Support (LTS). In that time I did the following:
I also filed 170 FTBFS bugs against a7xpg, acepack, android-platform-dalvik, android-platform-frameworks-base, android-platform-system-extras, android-platform-tools-base, apache-directory-api, aplpy, appstream-generator, arc-gui-clients, assertj-core, astroml, bamf, breathe, buildbot, cached-property, calf, celery-haystack, charmtimetracker, clapack, cmake, commons-javaflow, dataquay, dbi, django-celery, django-celery-transactions, django-classy-tags, django-compat, django-countries, django-floppyforms, django-hijack, django-localflavor, django-markupfield, django-model-utils, django-nose, django-pipeline, django-polymorphic, django-recurrence, django-sekizai, django-sitetree, django-stronghold, django-taggit, dune-functions, elementtidy, epic4-help, fcopulae, fextremes, fnonlinear, foreign, fort77, fregression, gap-alnuth, gcin, gdb-avr, ggcov, git-repair, glance, gnome-twitch, gnustep-gui, golang-github-audriusbutkevicius-go-nat-pmp, golang-github-gosimple-slug, gprbuild, grafana, grantlee5, graphite-api, guacamole-server, ido, jless, jodreports, jreen, kdeedu-data, kdewebdev, kwalify, libarray-refelem-perl, libdbusmenu, libdebian-package-html-perl, libdevice-modem-perl, libindicator, liblrdf, libmail-milter-perl, libopenraw, libvisca, linuxdcpp, lme4, marble, mgcv, mini-buildd, mu-cade, mvtnorm, nose, octave-epstk, onioncircuits, opencolorio, parsec47, phantomjs, php-guzzlehttp-ringphp, pjproject, pokerth, prayer, pyevolve, pyinfra, python-asdf, python-ceilometermiddleware, python-django-bootstrap-form, python-django-compressor, python-django-contact-form, python-django-debug-toolbar, python-django-extensions, python-django-feincms, python-django-formtools, python-django-jsonfield, python-django-mptt, python-django-openstack-auth, python-django-pyscss, python-django-registration, python-django-tagging, python-django-treebeard, python-geopandas, python-hdf5storage, python-hypothesis, python-jingo, python-libarchive-c, python-mhash, python-oauth2client, python-proliantutils, python-pytc, python-restless, python-tidylib, python-websockets, pyvows, qct, qgo, qmidinet, quodlibet, r-cran-gss, r-cran-runit, r-cran-sn, r-cran-stabledist, r-cran-xml, rgl, rglpk, rkt, rodbc, ruby-devise-two-factor, ruby-json-schema, ruby-puppet-syntax, ruby-rspec-puppet, ruby-state-machine, ruby-xmlparser, ryu, sbd, scanlogd, signond, slpvm, sogo, sphinx-argparse, squirrel3, sugar-jukebox-activity, sugar-log-activity, systemd, tiles, tkrplot, twill, ucommon, urca, v4l-utils, view3dscene, xqilla, youtube-dl & zope.interface.FTP Team
As a Debian FTP assistant I ACCEPTed 186 packages: akonadi4, alljoyn-core-1509, alljoyn-core-1604, alljoyn-gateway-1504, alljoyn-services-1504, alljoyn-services-1509, alljoyn-thin-client-1504, alljoyn-thin-client-1509, alljoyn-thin-client-1604, apertium-arg, apertium-arg-cat, apertium-eo-fr, apertium-es-it, apertium-eu-en, apertium-hbs, apertium-hin, apertium-isl, apertium-kaz, apertium-spa, apertium-spa-arg, apertium-tat, apertium-urd, arc-theme, argus-clients, ariba, beast-mcmc, binwalk, bottleneck, colorfultabs, dh-runit, django-modeltranslation, dq, dublin-traceroute, duktape, edk2, emacs-pdf-tools, eris, erlang-p1-oauth2, erlang-p1-sqlite3, erlang-p1-xmlrpc, faba-icon-theme, firefox-branding-iceweasel, golang-1.6, golang-defaults, golang-github-aelsabbahy-gonetstat, golang-github-howeyc-gopass, golang-github-oleiade-reflections, golang-websocket, google-android-m2repository-installer, googler, goto-chg-el, gr-radar, growl-for-linux, guvcview, haskell-open-browser, ipe, labplot, libalt-alien-ffi-system-perl, libanyevent-fcgi-perl, libcds-savot-java, libclass-ehierarchy-perl, libconfig-properties-perl, libffi-checklib-perl, libffi-platypus-perl, libhtml-element-library-perl, liblwp-authen-oauth2-perl, libmediawiki-dumpfile-perl, libmessage-passing-zeromq-perl, libmoosex-types-portnumber-perl, libmpack, libnet-ip-xs-perl, libperl-osnames-perl, libpodofo, libprogress-any-perl, libqtpas, librdkafka, libreoffice, libretro-beetle-pce-fast, libretro-beetle-psx, libretro-beetle-vb, libretro-beetle-wswan, libretro-bsnes-mercury, libretro-mupen64plus, libservicelog, libtemplate-plugin-datetime-perl, libtext-metaphone-perl, libtins, libzmq-ffi-perl, licensecheck, link-grammar, linux, linux-signed, lua-busted, magics++, mkalias, moka-icon-theme, neutron-vpnaas, newlisp, node-absolute-path, node-ejs, node-errs, node-has-flag, node-lodash-compat, node-strip-ansi, numba, numix-icon-theme, nvidia-graphics-drivers, nvidia-graphics-drivers-legacy-304xx, nvidia-graphics-drivers-legacy-340xx, obs-studio, opencv, pacapt, pgbackrest, postgis, powermock, primer3, profile-sync-daemon, pyeapi, pypandoc, pyssim, python-cutadapt, python-cymruwhois, python-fisx, python-formencode, python-hkdf, python-model-mommy, python-nanomsg, python-offtrac, python-social-auth, python-twiggy, python-vagrant, python-watcherclient, python-xkcd, pywps, r-bioc-deseq2, r-bioc-dnacopy, r-bioc-ensembldb, r-bioc-geneplotter, r-cran-adegenet, r-cran-adephylo, r-cran-distory, r-cran-fields, r-cran-future, r-cran-globals, r-cran-htmlwidgets, r-cran-listenv, r-cran-mlbench, r-cran-mlmrev, r-cran-pheatmap, r-cran-pscbs, r-cran-r.cache, refind, relatorio, reprotest, ring, ros-ros-comm, ruby-acts-as-tree, ruby-chronic-duration, ruby-flot-rails, ruby-numerizer, ruby-u2f, selenium-firefoxdriver, simgrid, skiboot, smtpping, snap-confine, snapd, sniffles, sollya, spin, subuser, superlu, swauth, swift-plugin-s3, syncthing, systemd-bootchart, tdiary-theme, texttable, tidy-html5, toxiproxy, twinkle, vmtk, wait-for-it, watcher, wcslib & xapian-core.
It’s rare to be in a position to be able to publicly announce you’re looking for a new job, but as the opportunity is currently available to me I feel I should take advantage of it. That’s especially true given the fact I’ll be at DebConf 16 next week and hope to be able to talk to various people who might be hiring (and will, of course, be attending the job fair).
I’m coming to the end of my Masters in Legal Science and although it’s been fascinating I’ve made the decision that I want to return to the world of tech. I like building things too much it seems. There are various people I’ve already reached out to, and more that are on my list to contact, but I figure making it more widely known that I’m in the market can’t hurt with finding the right fit.
I’m on LinkedIn and OpenHUB, which should give a bit more info on my previous experience and skill set. I know I’m light on details here, so feel free to email me to talk about what I might be able to specifically bring to your organisation.
I'm putting this here and then I'm going to try not to say anything else on the subject for a while.
I'm disappointed and upset by result of the referendum. Not because we're (probably) leaving the EU. Us leaving may be the beginning of the fall of the EU and I can't tell one way or another how that will affect anyone in the world.
I'm hurt and ashamed because it's a measure of the sentiments of the people who live in the UK. 52% of you are leaning in a direction that I want no part of and don't want my son to be surrounded by as he grows up. I grew up in the tail of end of Thatcher's Britain and the UK today has the same oppressive feeling that you can sense when you watch the Young Ones.
I have some very good friends who voted out and they are good people so I'm certainly not tarring everyone with the racist brush but I've seen much fear and hate generally and I'm just saddened that this country is following the international trend and moving to the far right.
It's not an exaggeration to say that I'm pretty damn scared of the future with the US possibly about to vote in a right wing leadership too.
Don't tell me "it'll be alright" because it's not the fact of the decision that has me upset; it's what it tells me about the country I love. Or used to love. I don't know.
Every now and again I get this problem where Firefox won’t render text correctly (on a Debian/stretch system). Most websites are fine, but the odd site just shows up with blanks where the text should be. Initially I thought it was NoScript, but turning that off didn’t help. Daniel Silverstone gave me a pointer today that the pages in question were using webfonts, and that provided enough information to dig deeper. The sites in question were using Cantarell, via:src: local('Cantarell Regular'), local('Cantarell-Regular'), url(cantarell.woff2) format('woff2'), url(cantarell.woff) format('woff');
The Firefox web dev inspector didn’t show it trying to fetch the font remotely, so I removed the local() elements from the CSS. That fixed the page, letting me pinpoint the problem as a local font issue. I have fonts-cantarell installed so at first I tried to remove it, but that breaks gnome-core. So instead I did an fc-list | grep -i cant to ask fontconfig what it thought was happening. That gave:/usr/share/fonts/opentype/cantarell/Cantarell-Regular.otf.dpkg-tmp: Cantarell:style=Regular /usr/share/fonts/opentype/cantarell/Cantarell-Bold.otf.dpkg-tmp: Cantarell:style=Bold /usr/share/fonts/opentype/cantarell/Cantarell-Bold.otf: Cantarell:style=Bold /usr/share/fonts/opentype/cantarell/Cantarell-Oblique.otf: Cantarell:style=Oblique /usr/share/fonts/opentype/cantarell/Cantarell-Regular.otf: Cantarell:style=Regular /usr/share/fonts/opentype/cantarell/Cantarell-Bold-Oblique.otf: Cantarell:style=Bold-Oblique /usr/share/fonts/opentype/cantarell/Cantarell-Oblique.otf.dpkg-tmp: Cantarell:style=Oblique /usr/share/fonts/opentype/cantarell/Cantarell-BoldOblique.otf: Cantarell:style=BoldOblique
Hmmm. Those .dpkg-tmp files looked odd, and sure enough they didn’t actually exist. So I did a sudo fc-cache -f -v to force a rebuild of the font cache and restarted Firefox (it didn’t seem to work before doing so) and everything works fine now.
It seems that fc-cache must have been run at some point when dpkg had not yet completed installing an update to the fonts-cantarell package. That seems like a bug - fontconfig should probably ignore .dpkg* files, but equally I wouldn’t expect it to be run before dpkg had finished its unpacking stage fully.
Here is my monthly update covering a large part of what I have been doing in the free software world (previously):
This month I have been paid to work 18 hours on Debian Long Term Support (LTS). In that time I did the following:
I also filed 74 FTBFS bugs against abtransfers, asedriveiiie, assword, astroquery, audit, bibtool, cargo, ccdproc, clearsilver, discover, emoslib, etsf-io, gfs2-utils, globus-io, gnunet, graxxia, groovycsv, gtkspell3, hg-git, hgsubversion, ices2, jekyll, jhighlight, libdist-zilla-plugin-ourpkgversion-perl, libetonyek, libgd-perl, libgnomekbd, libimager-perl, libint2, libnet-dns-zonefile-fast-perl, libnl3, libspring-java, libtkx-perl, ltt-control, lua-discount, lua-lgi, metview, montage-wrapper, networkmanager-qt, nevow, ngrok, obex-data-server, octave-interval, omnievents, pcl, php-arc, php-codecoverage, proguard, pyexcelerator, python-autobahn, python-babel, python-biopython, python-mne, python-pgmagick, python-shotgun, python-snuggs, python-urllib3, python-xdo, qemu, radicale, raptor2, rjava, ruby-albino, scamper, simpleparse, spectral-cube, specutils, sugar-browse-activity, sugar-memorize-activity, swift, telepathy-haze, telepathy-ring, unicap & vorbis-tools.
it's even worse for a machine like mine with a E3D all metal head as it requires active cooling to stop damage to the head mount or prevent a right mess of molten filament inside the heatbreak.
See below for instructions on setting up an APC UPS so that it can send a command to octopi to abort the print and start cooling the head before the batteries in the UPS are exhausted.
I used a APC BackUPS Pro 550, which seems to be about the minimum spec I can get away with, on my printer this gives me approximately 5 minutes of print time without power, or 40 minutes of the printer powered but idle, other UPS's would work but APC is the only type tested with these instructions
Test this throughly and make sure you have enough runtime to cool the head before the batteries are exhausted, the only way to do this properly is to set up a test print and pull the power.
Once you have installed the power leads to and from the UPS and got the printer powered through it (not forgetting the Rpi or whatever you have running octoprint also needs power...mine is powered via the printer PSU ) You need to install acpupsd, it's in the default repo for raspian so just install it with apt.sudo apt-get install apcupsd
Now we need to tweak apcupsd's configuration a bit
Edit the apcupsd configuration as follows, you can find it at /etc/apcupsd/apcupsd.conf, just use your favourite editor.
Find and change the following lines
DEVICE (this should be blank)
You might need to tweak BATTERYLEVEL and MINUTES for your printer and UPS. this is the percentage of power left before the shutdown will trigger or the minutes of runtime, whichever one happens first
Remember this is minutes as calculated whilst the printer is still running. Once the print is stopped the runtime will be longer as the heaters will be off, so setting 5 minutes here would in my case give me 20 minutes of runtime once the print has aborted for the hot-end to cool
Plug the USB cable from the UPS into a spare port on the Rpi
Now activate the service by editing /etc/default/apcupsd and changing the following line
Now start the service, it will start by itself on the next bootsudo service apcupsd start
If all is well typing acpaccess at the prompt should get you some stats from the UPS, battery level etc
If that's all good then apcupsd is configured, now for the script that aborts your print
First go into the octoprint settings from the web interface, make sure API access is turned on and record the API key carefully
Back on the rpi go to the home directorycd ~
Now download my custom shutdown script with wgetwget http://www.digimatic.co.uk/media/doshutdown sudo cp doshutdown /etc/apcupsd cd /etc/apcupsd
Set the permissions so the script can runchmod 755 doshutdown
Don't be tempted to rename the file, leave it as this name
Now edit the script and change the variable at the top API_KEY to the API key you got from your copy of octoprint earlier
That should be it, the script does 3 things when the power fails and the battery goes below one of the trigger points
Prints a warning on the printer's LCD screen
Records the current printer status and print file position to a file in /home/pi, so that maybe you can work out how to slice the reminder of the model and save the print
Aborts the print
This hasn't had a massive amount of testing and there are a few bugs, if you have a really big layer going on when the power goes you might not have enough power to make it to the end, octoprint only aborts at specific points in the print, same if you are at the first stages and are heating the bed, octoprint will wait until the bed is up to temp before running the next command (abort).
The sleep at the end of the script stops the rpi from shutting down, we need to wait here and make sure the printer has taken the abort command before killing the pi so that's an unknown amount of time so I leave it running by sleeping indefinitely here
If I get time I will make a proper octoprint plugin for all this
I'm going to a Eurovision party tonight because I'm not the only person of impeccable taste who was away last week :)
I really don't know what it is about Eurovision that makes for such a fun evening but I've had a fantastic Eurovision party every year since I was at uni.
For the next 5 weeks, I'm at home alone as my wife and child are staying with family in Turkey. In order to make sure I won't be bored, I appear to have overfilled my calendar and now I find myself worrying I won't have a moment to myself. Ah well, busy is better than leaving myself open to the temptation of sitting in front of the telly for evenings on end.
I've ordered a Raspberry Pi 3 with the intention of setting it up as a retro gaming machine. I want something that can live permanently attached to my telly so that I can just pick up a controller and have a 10 minute blast on Sonic or Mario at the drop of a hat. I tried doing this before with my original Pi but it was just too slow.
In other news, I posted this on Facebook a while ago and decided it might as well live here too:
I'll be voting that we stay in thanks very much. I know the EU is far from perfect but I hate the idea of slumping backward into a world of tribes. Hating the other guy because he’s on the other side of a fence or believes in a particular magical sky man is ridiculous and childish and exactly the kind of thing we in the west deride and see as the cause of conflicts in the east.
I’m proud of my country. And like any prized possession, I want to show it off to everyone. I want free movement so that I can visit (and maybe one day live and work in) some of the wonderful places that other people are proud of.
I'm married to a foreigner; I frequently meet, work with, and have many friends who are foreign; I love travelling and being the foreigner. I’d love to be in a world where this post doesn’t make any sense because “foreign” and “country” don’t mean anything any more. It’s one planet, guys.
Try this one weird trick to help you realise why I think your ideas about borders are daft: You want tighter border control in the UK... Why the UK? Why not Great Britain? Make the Irish need visas to get in. Why not individual countries? Who wouldn’t enjoy a nice driving break while you queue for passport control at the Welsh border? In fact, why stop there; we could do this regionally! The great wall of East Anglia? County? District? City? Neighbourhood? Street? Why do you draw the line where you draw it?
If you must have a border, draw it around the planet for now. I wouldn’t mind working as a passport officer aboard the ISS.
Be excellent to each other and party on dudes.
These days the phrase “embedded” usually means no console (except, if you’re lucky, console on a UART for debugging) and probably busybox for as much of userspace as you can get away with. You possibly have package management from OpenEmbedded or similar, though it might just be a horrible kludged together rootfs if someone hates you. Either way it’s rare for it not to involve some sort of hardware and OS much more advanced than the 8 bit machines I started out programming on.
That is, unless you’re playing with Arduinos or other similar hardware. I’m currently waiting on some ESP8266 dev boards to arrive, but even they’re quite advanced, with wifi and a basic OS framework provided. A long time ago I meant to get around to playing with PICs but never managed to do so. What I realised recently was that I have a ready made USB relay board that is powered by an ATtiny45. First step was to figure out if there were suitable programming pins available, which turned out to be all brought out conveniently to the edge of the board. Next I got out my trusty Bus Pirate, installed avrdude and lo and behold:$ avrdude -p attiny45 -c buspirate -P /dev/ttyUSB0 Attempting to initiate BusPirate binary mode... avrdude: Paged flash write enabled. avrdude: AVR device initialized and ready to accept instructions Reading | ################################################## | 100% 0.01s avrdude: Device signature = 0x1e9206 (probably t45) avrdude: safemode: Fuses OK (E:FF, H:DD, L:E1) avrdude done. Thank you.
Perfect. I then read the existing flash image off the device, disassembled it, worked out it was based on V-USB and then proceeded to work out that the only interesting extra bit was that the relay was hanging off pin 3 on IO port B. Which led to me knocking up what I thought should be a functionally equivalent version of the firmware, available locally or on GitHub. It’s worked with my basic testing so far and has confirmed to me I understand how the board is set up, meaning I can start to think about what else I could do with it…
A home win for Beṣiktaṣ means a crazy street party with fireworks, marching, and a lot of shouting.
Uber thankfully provided us a taxi so we didn't have to walk through it all with our sleeping 4 year old.
When all of your podcasts are on a server somewhere and you want to copy them to your mp3 player but all you have to hand is a Chromebook, you're in for some fun.
Really. There's not enough internal storage to download it all and then copy over. There's no scp client. No command line from which to cd to the mp3 player and wget everything.
rclone is badical!
Really! rclone config holds your hand through setting it up and then it was a simple rclone sync ./podcasts google:/podcasts to get my podcasts folder copied into Google Drive. Once that was done, I could use the file manager to copy from Drive over to the mp3 player. Simples. Ish.
Autocorrect helpfully invented my new catchphrase: Weird up!
I'm currently having a very enjoyable holiday with my family in Bodrum. We're staying in an all-inclusive hotel by the beach. This is the first time either of us have ever had such a holiday; we usually like to go rushing around seeing as many sights as we can cram in to a few days before moving on to another place. It's the final night of our time here and I feel like I'm just settling in to it. Next time, we'll do two weeks. (By way of compromise, we had decided to do a week in Bodrum followed by a week in Istanbul/Adapazarı.)The good
In what feels like a very short week of doing very little, here are some of my highlights:Bodrum Castle
The castle doesn't look much from the outside and it advertises itself as "Museum of Underwater Archaeology" but once you get through the doors you realise it's a magnificent ruined castle with beautiful gardens and a smattering of museum about the place. We barely stopped to look at the museum pieces (mostly shipwrecks and amphora dredged up from the Aegean) and it took us a good couple of hours to walk around the castle. Do not make the mistake we made in a parallel universe by deciding we didn't fancy a museum that day!Boat tour
There are a lot of places offering boat tours and I can only vouch for the one we took: Gencel Water Sports. The boat tour takes a full day (ours was 10:30 to 16:30) and stops off at a number of interesting locations around Bodrum. The highlights for me were Aquarium Bay: snorkeling with thousands of fish around; and the place that I can't recall the name of where I ticked off an ambition (I don't know why): to swim to shore. OK it was only 50 metres or so but it was in proper sea and I'm hardly an olympic swimmer ;)
In all, I did a lot of swimming that day.Tent bar, Gümbet
This bar is hardly a tourist hot spot but it was a short walk from the hotel and we had a really good evening sitting and chatting with the barman (whose name is either Ricardo or Bora depending on which language you ask him in).Spending a day doing not very much
This really was a revelation! One such day went like this: wake, breakfast, steam room, swim, turkish bath, beer by the pool, lunch, swimming, lazing around by the pool with a beer, swimming, lazing, beer, swimming, lazing, beer, beer and lazing, dinner, rakı, sleep.
As I said, neither of us had ever had a holiday that didn't involve loads of walking and sightseeing. I'm amazed at how much I enjoyed just relaxing.The bad
On the somewhat less positive side I lost a filling and the hole is really annoying.The unrealised
Next week: Istanbul, second only to Bruges in my favourite places list :)